Germany, Federal Republic of, Relations with
- Imperial, Weimar, and Nazi Germany had few significant contacts with Burma other than commercial ties, but after the country became independent in 1948, West Germany played an important, though still little understood, role involving General Ne Win. In 1955, a company owned by the West German state, Fritz Werner, was invited by the Union of Burma government to assist in the establishment of an indigenous armaments industry, to provide the Tatmadaw with small arms, ammunition, and explosives. Anumber of Tatmadaw personnel were trained by the company in Germany, and between 1962 and 1988 Ne Win visited Germany every year as a personal guest of the company, on what one German scholar calls "a mixture of private holidays and business trips" (his last trip there was in May 1988). Fritz Werner arranged for the construction of Union of Burma Five Star Line ships in Bremen and Hamburg and established one of the very few joint ventures in socialist Burma, Myanma Fritz Werner, for the purpose of promoting industry.Political relations between the two countries during this time were also friendly, as reflected in an official visit by Germany's President Richard von Weizsächer to Burma in February 1986. Between 1970 and 1988, Germany was consistently the second-largest donor of foreign aid to the Ne Win government (after Japan), mostly in the form of concessional loans, which during the economic crisis of the late 1980s left the country with a huge, unpayable debt in deutschmarks (and yen). The flow of official development assistance funds from Bonn to Rangoon (Yangon) increased significantly in the late 1970s, reaching a high of US$75 million in 1983. German policy makers thought Burma an appropriate destination for aid because it represented a "third way" in economic systems, between Western capitalism and Soviet-style communism. Aid was halted, however, after the State Law and Order Restoration Council seized power in September 1988.See also European Union, Relations with.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Germany, Federal Republic Of — (FRG) Established on 23 May 1949 and known as West Germany, the FRG consisted of the nine regions or states occupied by British, French, and U.S. forces after World War II. This was a consequence of economic unification to facilitate… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Chancellor of Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) — Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany Bundeskanzler Coat of Arms of the German Government … Wikipedia
Germany, Relations with — It is not until its unification in 1871–1872 that Germany became a “foreign” state to the Habsburg rulers of Austria. The dynasty supplied the kings and emperors of “Germany” from the middle of the 15th century until 1806. Even though… … Historical dictionary of Austria
Germany, Relations with — The modern era of Russo German relations began during the partition of Poland in the late 18th century. First as Prussia and then as the Hohenzollern Empire, the two states shared a common border until World War I (1914–1918). After the… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany — Germany This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Germany … Wikipedia
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia — Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavijaa (sh–lat) Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославијаb (sh–cyr) Socialistična federativna republika Jugoslavijac (sl) … Wikipedia
Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China — Main article: Foreign relations of the People s Republic of China Since its founding in 1949, the People s Republic of China (PRC) has had a diplomatic tug of war with its rival in Taiwan, the Republic of China (ROC). Throughout the Cold War,… … Wikipedia
Czech Republic–Iceland relations — Czech Iceland relations Czech Republic … Wikipedia
Popular music in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia — SFR Yugoslav pop and rock scene includes the pop and rock music of SFR Yugoslavia (a state that existed until 1991) incl. all their genres and subgenres. The scene included the constituent republics: SR Slovenia, SR Croatia, SR Bosnia and… … Wikipedia
1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Operation Allied Force partof=the Kosovo War caption=A USAF F 15E takes off from Aviano, Italy. date=March 24 – June 10, 1999 [ [http://www.nato.int/kosovo/all frce.htm#pb A historical overview of Operation… … Wikipedia